Acesso do alunos
The inclusion of media education in the National Curriculum Common Base (BNCC) of basic education included among the competences that the student must have the critical reading of the information he / she receives through newspapers, magazines, internet and social networks.
Experts estimate that the inclusion of media education in the BNCC was an advance, as the school can provide instruments for the student to become a consumer and producer of responsible content.
The basic skill expected from the student is that in the sixth to ninth grade of elementary school develop the ability to read and produce journalistic texts in different sources, vehicles and media, autonomy and critical thinking to situate themselves in relation to interests and different positions, besides knowing how to differentiate freedom of expression from hate speech.
The issue of information reliability, the proliferation of fake news, the manipulation of facts and opinions is highlighted and many of the skills relate to the comparison and analysis of news from different sources and media, with analysis of websites and services news checkers, says an excerpt from the document.
For high school students, the skills foresee the expansion of the repertoire of choices of sources of information and opinion, the comparison of information about a fact in different media, in addition to the use of procedures for checking facts and photos published to combat proliferation. false news.
The base also recommends that students be able to act in an ethical and critical manner in the production and sharing of comments, news and opinion texts and memes on social networks or other digital environments.
The president of the Open Word Institute, Patrícia Blanco, affirms that it was a significant gain to put the topic of media education in the BNCC, as it means that the journalistic-media field will have to be approached by schools nationwide. However, she pointed out that there is still a long way to go for the practice to be effectively adopted in the curricula.
“It has never been more necessary, in this technology environment, to educate for the media, for the consumption of information. If children and adolescents develop a critical sense, the school is contributing to the formation of citizens who can better exercise their freedom of expression ”, says Patrícia.
“Media education has the role of an antidote to fake news: you realize that you have something strange, you go to search for another source, and you don’t just buy information as absolute truth and pass it on”, adds the expert.
According to her, there are three current challenges for the initiative to reach the classrooms: disseminating the concept of media education, publicizing its importance, training teachers so that they can approach the theme, and developing the production of relevant content and materials to be used in school.